Cathedral of Pisa
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Architect unknown
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Location Pisa, Italy   map
Date 1063 to 1350   timeline
Building Type church complex
 Construction System bearing masonry, cut stone, white marble
Climate mediterranean
Context church complex and tower
Style Romanesque
Notes The cathedral complex includes the famous Leaning Tower, La Torre Pendente. White marble with colonnaded facades.


West front, Cathedral

West front, Cathedral

Main door, west front,


Section Drawing

Section Drawing

Axonometric Drawing

Elevation Drawing

Plan Drawing

Site Plan Drawing

Detail Drawing

Engraving, cathedral, with baptistry in left foreground, and Leaning Tower behind.

Perspective Drawing

  Contributions appreciated

Discussion Cathedral of Pisa Commentary

"Pisa Cathedral with Baptistery, Campanile and Campo Santo, together form one of the most famous building groups in the world. The cathedral is one of the finest of the Romanesque period and has a strongly marked individuality. It resembles other early basilican churches in plan, with long rows of columns connected by arches, double aisles, and a nave which has the usual timber roof. The exterior has bands of red and white marble, and the ground storey is faced with wall relief by tiers of wall passages which rise one above another right into the gable. The transepts, each with an apse at the end, were an advance on the simple basilican plan. The elliptical dome over the crossing is of later date. The building depends for its interest on its general proportions and on the delicacy of its ornamental features, rather than on any new structural development, such as may be seen in northern Italy."

— Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. p315.

Sources on Cathedral of Pisa

"Stablizing the Leaning Tower", by Don Barker, ArchitectureWeek No. 57, 2001.0711, pN1.1.

Robert Adam. Classical Architecture. London: Penguin Books, 1990. ISBN 0-670-82613-8. NA260.A26 1990. elevation drawing, fig d, p167. Derek Brentnall.

Werner Blaser and Monica Stucky. Drawings of Great Buildings. Boston: Birkhauser Verlag, 1983. ISBN 3-7643-1522-9. LC 83-15831. NA2706.U6D72 1983. plan and section drawings, p62. plan and section drawings of Baptistry, p63.

Kenneth John Conant. Carolingian and Romanesque Architecture, 800 to 1200. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1959. NA365.C645. plan drawing, f57, p233.

Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. London: The Butterworth Group, 1987. ISBN 0-408-01587-X. LC 86-31761. NA200.F63 1987. transverse section drawing, fig e, p313. longitudinal section drawing, fig f, p313. discussion, p315.   The classic text of architectural history. Expanded 1996 edition available at

Johnson Architectural Images. Copyrighted slides in the Artifice Collection.

John Julius Norwich, ed. Great Architecture of the World. London: Mitchell Beazley Publishers, 1975. photo, p103. Reprint edition: Da Capo Press, April 1991. ISBN 0-3068-0436-0. — An accessible, inspiring and informative overview of world architecture, with lots of full-color cutaway drawings, and clear explanations. Available at

Piero Sanpaolesi. Il Duomo Di Pisa e L'Architectura Romanica Toscana delle Origini. Pisa: Nistri-Lischi Editori, 1975. NA5621.P713 S32. axonometric section detail drawing of dome, f32, p230. section detail drawing of dome, f28, p211. site plan drawing, f20, p147.

Doreen Yarwood. The Architecture of Europe. New York: Hastings House, 1974. ISBN 0-8038-0364-8. LC 73-11105. NA950.Y37. perspective drawing of facade, f287, p150. none.

Great Buildings Model Kit : Great Buildings of the World. Julian Bicknell, Steve Chapman (Contributor). Clarkson Potter(June 1995). ISBN 0517883503. — A kit book with detailed pre-cut scale models of four famous buildings: Monticello, the Leaning Tower of Pisa, the Taj Mahal, and the Parthenon. Available at

Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.— Available at  Find books about Cathedral of Pisa


Web Resources
Links on Cathedral of Pisa

The Leaning Tower of Pisaofficial web site

The Leaning Tower of PisaA rich site with lots of material.

Cathedral of Pisa at ArchiplanetFind, add, and edit info at the all-buildings collaboration

We appreciate your  suggestions  for links about Cathedral of Pisa.

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